Mechasoft: Blog de Matías J. Magni

…dedicado al Open Source y al delirio del Autor…

  • Matías J. Magni

  • RSS Ubuntu

    • Tutorial: Continuous delivery of snaps with Circle CI 19/01/2018
      Bullet-proof continuous delivery of software is crucial to the health of your community, more than a way to run manual tests, it also enables your early adopters to test code and give feedback on it as soon as it lands. You may be already using to do so for snaps, but in some cases, […]
    • Canonical brings Slack to the snap ecosystem 18/01/2018
      The digital workspace will now be available to all Linux users London, UK – 18th January 2018 – Canonical, the company behind Ubuntu, today announced the first iteration of Slack as a snap, bringing collaboration to open source users. Slack is an enterprise software platform that allows teams and businesses of all sizes to communicate effectively. Slack work […]
    • Spectre Mitigation Updates Available for Testing in Ubuntu Proposed 17/01/2018
      Canonical holds Ubuntu to the highest standards of security and quality.  This week we published candidate Ubuntu kernels providing mitigation for CVE-2017-5715 and CVE-2017-5753 (ie, Spectre / Variants 1 & 2) to their respective -proposed pockets for Ubuntu 17.10 (Artful), 16.04 LTS (Xenial), and 14.04 LTS (Trusty).  We have also expanded mitigation to […]
    • LXD Weekly Status #30 16/01/2018
        Introduction The main highlight for this week was the inclusion of the new proxy device in LXD, thanks to the hard work of some University of Texas students! The rest of the time was spent fixing a number of bugs, working on various bits of kernel work, getting the upcoming clustering work to go […]
    • Monitor your Kubernetes Cluster 16/01/2018
      This article originally appeared on Kevin Monroe’s blog Keeping an eye on logs and metrics is a necessary evil for cluster admins. The benefits are clear: metrics help you set reasonable performance goals, while log analysis can uncover issues that impact your workloads. The hard part, however, is getting a slew of applications to work […]
  • RSS LUGMen

    • Se ha producido un error; es probable que la fuente esté fuera de servicio. Vuelve a intentarlo más tarde.
  • Archivos

Configurar un servidor LEMP (Linux, Nginx, MySQL, PHP5)

Posted by Matías J. Magni en 03/06/2011

1. Instalamos el servidor web nginx:

# apt-get install nginx

Iniciamos el servicio:
# /etc/init.d/nginx start

2. Instalamos MySQL:

# apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client

3. Instalamos PHP5:

# apt-get install php5-cgi php5-mysql php5-curl php5-gd php5-idn php-pear php5-imagick php5-imap php5-mcrypt php5-memcache php5-mhash php5-ming php5-ps php5-pspell php5-recode php5-snmp php5-sqlite php5-tidy php5-xmlrpc php5-xsl php5-json

Editamos el archivo /etc/php5/cgi/php.ini:
# vim /etc/php5/cgi/php.ini
Agregamos la siguiente línea o la descomentamos en el caso de que ya exista:
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1

4. Instalamos Lighttpd:

Debemos instalar Lighttpd para proporcionar una interfaz Fast CGI del intérprete de PHP, ya que no viene incluida con Nginx.
# apt-get install lighttpd

Lo quitamos del arranque:
# update-rc.d -f lighttpd remove

5. Configuramos la interfaz Fast CGI:

Creamos el script de inicio:

# vim /etc/init.d/php-fastcgi

Escribimos las siguientes lineas de código dentro del mismo:

#! /bin/sh
# Provides:          php-fastcgi
# Required-Start:    $all
# Required-Stop:     $all
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Start and stop php-cgi in external FASTCGI mode
# Description:       Start and stop php-cgi in external FASTCGI mode

# Author: Kurt Zankl <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>

# Do NOT "set -e"

DESC="php-cgi in external FASTCGI mode"

# Exit if the package is not installed
[ -x "$DAEMON" ] || exit 0

# Read configuration variable file if it is present
[ -r /etc/default/$NAME ] && . /etc/default/$NAME

# Load the VERBOSE setting and other rcS variables
. /lib/init/

# Define LSB log_* functions.
# Depend on lsb-base (>= 3.0-6) to ensure that this file is present.
. /lib/lsb/init-functions

# If the daemon is not enabled, give the user a warning and then exit,
# unless we are stopping the daemon
if [ "$START" != "yes" -a "$1" != "stop" ]; then
        log_warning_msg "To enable $NAME, edit /etc/default/$NAME and set START=yes"
        exit 0

# Process configuration

        # Return
        #   0 if daemon has been started
        #   1 if daemon was already running
        #   2 if daemon could not be started
        start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --pidfile $PIDFILE --exec $DAEMON --test > /dev/null \
                || return 1
        start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --pidfile $PIDFILE --exec $DAEMON \
                --background --make-pidfile --chuid $EXEC_AS_USER --startas $DAEMON -- \
                $DAEMON_ARGS \
                || return 2

        # Return
        #   0 if daemon has been stopped
        #   1 if daemon was already stopped
        #   2 if daemon could not be stopped
        #   other if a failure occurred
        start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --retry=TERM/30/KILL/5 --pidfile $PIDFILE > /dev/null # --name $DAEMON
        [ "$RETVAL" = 2 ] && return 2
        # Wait for children to finish too if this is a daemon that forks
        # and if the daemon is only ever run from this initscript.
        # If the above conditions are not satisfied then add some other code
        # that waits for the process to drop all resources that could be
        # needed by services started subsequently.  A last resort is to
        # sleep for some time.
        start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --oknodo --retry=0/30/KILL/5 --exec $DAEMON
        [ "$?" = 2 ] && return 2
        # Many daemons don't delete their pidfiles when they exit.
        rm -f $PIDFILE
        return "$RETVAL"
case "$1" in
        [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_daemon_msg "Starting $DESC" "$NAME"
        case "$?" in
                0|1) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 0 ;;
                2) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 1 ;;
        [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_daemon_msg "Stopping $DESC" "$NAME"
        case "$?" in
                0|1) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 0 ;;
                2) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 1 ;;
        log_daemon_msg "Restarting $DESC" "$NAME"
        case "$?" in
                case "$?" in
                        0) log_end_msg 0 ;;
                        1) log_end_msg 1 ;; # Old process is still running
                        *) log_end_msg 1 ;; # Failed to start
                # Failed to stop
                log_end_msg 1
        echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|restart|force-reload}" >&2
        exit 3

Le damos permisos de ejecución:

# chmod +x /etc/init.d/php-fastcgi

Ahora creamos el archivo de configuración:

# vim /etc/default/php-fastcgi

Y agregamos lo siguiente:


# Which user runs PHP? (default: www-data)


# Host and TCP port for FASTCGI-Listener (default: localhost:9000)


# Environment variables, which are processed by PHP


Agregamos la interfaz Fast CGI en el arranque del sistema:

# update-rc.d php-fastcgi defaults

6. Configuramos Nginx y el vhost por defecto:

# vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

En el virtual host por defecto cambiamos las lineas de código para que se vean así:

server_name localhost;
location ~ \.php$ {
	fastcgi_index  index.php;
	fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /var/www/nginx-default$fastcgi_script_name;
	include fastcgi_params;

Reiniciamos el servidor:
# /etc/init.d/nginx restart

Por último agregamos el servidor web al arranque del sistema:
# update-rc.d nginx defaults


Una respuesta to “Configurar un servidor LEMP (Linux, Nginx, MySQL, PHP5)”

  1. […] The rest is here: Linux Blog on: Configurar un servidor LEMP (Linux, Nginx, MySQL, PHP5) […]


Introduce tus datos o haz clic en un icono para iniciar sesión:

Logo de

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Imagen de Twitter

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Twitter. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Foto de Facebook

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Facebook. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Google+ photo

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Google+. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Conectando a %s

A %d blogueros les gusta esto: